â€œEvery time two trees are cut in the world, one is to meet the growth of demand for forest products in China; one out of every two logs exported from tropical countries is shipped to China.â€ In an interview with reporters, China Zhu Guangqian, president of the Timber Distribution Association, criticized the above assertions with the words "exaggerated". At present, people have a general crisis awareness of resource products, and the same is true for timber resources. As a producer and consumer of forest products, China's industrial materials, pulp and paper products market ranks second in the world, second only to the United States. Recently, foreign organizations have linked the growth of China's timber imports to illegal logging abroad, and even concluded that the increase in China's forest product consumption is â€œa devastating impact on virgin forests around the worldâ€ and â€œgiven global forest resourcesâ€. Bring more pressure and other conclusions. In recent years, environmental awareness among countries has generally increased, and many countries have restricted the export of logs. In Southeast Asia, Africa, South America and other countries, due to the consideration of the protection of their forest resources and the promotion of the development of their own wood processing industry, the policy of restricting the export of logs has been introduced, which has reduced the supply of international logs and affected the price of timber. Russia, the world's largest exporter of logs, has increased its export tariffs on unprocessed logs by 6.5% to 1 Euro/m3 on January 1 this year; by July 1, 2007, tariffs will increase by 10% to 6 Euros. /cubic meter. Russian President Vladimir Putin has repeatedly stated on various occasions that he must fundamentally change the status quo of Russia's large-scale export of logs and vigorously develop the timber processing industry. â€œThe global timber resources are promising, the growth is greater than the harvest volume, and the wood stocks are increasing year by year.â€ â€œThe responsibility for the destruction of tropical rain forests cannot fall on China.â€ In the interview, Zhu Guangqian told reporters with a large amount of data and arguments. Renewable resources, forest resources and non-renewable oil, coal, minerals, etc., there is no crisis in global timber resources; in addition, some foreign public opinion accuses China of importing timber and causing damage to global forest resources is also unfounded. So, where do peopleâ€™s awareness of the crisis of timber resources come from? There seem to be three misunderstandings here. Decrease in forest resources and increase in wood stocks In the context of a global resource crisis, one might think that forest resources are greatly reduced due to human consumption. However, the data shows that the world's timber resource stocks are growing year by year, and the growth is greater than the harvest. According to the statistics of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, the world's forest stocks were 377 billion cubic meters in 1990 and 386 billion cubic meters in 2000, with an average annual increase of 900 million cubic meters. So, is the saying that the tropical rain forest is destroyed? Is it a hole in the wind? Zhu Guangqian pointed out that the world's forest resources are unbalanced: the forest resources of industrialized countries (mainly cold and temperate forest areas) are on the rise. The forest accumulation has increased by 21 billion cubic meters in 10 years, but the developing countries (tropical rain forests) have declined. The trend is to reduce 12 billion cubic meters in 10 years. In other words, the protection of tropical rain forests is indeed not optimistic compared to the cold and temperate forests. However, with the increasing awareness of environmental protection, the tropical rain forest governments began to pay attention to forest protection, strengthen forest management, and increase plantation. The annual average net area of â€‹â€‹tropical forests decreased by 9.4 million hectares from 1990 to 2000, and the rate of decline was slower than that of 1980-1990. (The average annual reduction is 13 million hectares). In short, the forests that are renewable resources are not exhausted, and the volume of wood stocks has increased in recent years. China's demand threatens the world VS China's forest products exports are greater than imports. As mentioned above, the world's tropical rain forests have indeed suffered some damage in recent decades, but it is not really like some foreign public opinion, "every two logs exported from tropical countries. One of them was shipped to China?" Zhu Guangqian introduced that the world's tropical rainforests are mainly concentrated in Africa, South America and Southeast Asia. Among them, 90% of the destruction of tropical rain forests occurs in Africa and South America, but only 1% of industrial logs in these two regions are exported to China each year. From 1990 to 2000, Africa and South America reduced the total forest by 8.973 million hectares, accounting for 95.5% of the world's total forest reduction. China imported only 3 million cubic meters of wood from these two continents, accounting for 260 million industrial timber production on two continents. About 1.2% of cubic meters. "So the responsibility for the destruction of the tropical rain forest cannot fall on China." Zhu Guangqian further explained that there are four main reasons for the destruction of tropical rain forests in the world: one is to deforestation and to expand agricultural land; the second is to be used as fuelwood; the third is to be transformed into economic forest; the fourth is for industry. Less than 20% of the wood used for commercial development and only 1/4 of the commercial wood for export. Therefore, the commercial development of tropical rain forests, especially exports, has little effect on the reduction of tropical rain forests. Moreover, during the period when the world's tropical rain forests were damaged, China did not import large quantities of wood. On the contrary, the increase in timber imports from China is precisely the time when the world's forest destruction is reduced. "Every one of the world's two trees is cut to meet the growth of China's forest products demand," is a statistic from the world's environmental protection organization Greenpeace. The organization believes that in the past 10 years, the global supply of wood has increased by 108 million cubic meters, while the consumption of forest products in China has increased by 59.67 million cubic meters. From the above figures, China's timber import demand is strong and growing rapidly, and it can dominate the global market. But people often overlook another fact - the amount of Chinese timber exports is far greater than the amount of imports. In 2005, for example, China imported 5.49 billion U.S. dollars of timber, an increase of 9.3%; exports reached 10.26 billion U.S. dollars, an increase of 39.5%, and the export value was 1.9 times that of imports. Many developed countries in the world have transferred the timber industry to China, and after processing, they have sold their products to all parts of the world. For example, China has become the world's largest furniture exporter. Therefore, China is a typical â€œworld wood processing factoryâ€ and most of its profits are earned abroad. In a sense, China is contributing to the world's demand for wood products. It is undeniable that the world's timber is mainly consumed by developed countries. According to the statistics of international wood experts, the per capita consumption in North America is usually six or seven times the world's average consumption, two or three times in Europe, and low per capita consumption in other regions. At the world average. Therefore, the fact that needs to be clarified is that China's timber import demand is more, but it is not completely consumed by the domestic final, but a large amount of processing and export to developed countries. The use of wood products should be reduced. Rational use can promote afforestation. In many countries, when various measures are taken to protect their forest resources, the Japanese government has recently urged citizens to use domestic wood as much as possible. Why is this appeal made by a country like Japan that cherishes its own resources and â€œcan import and importâ€? It turns out that Japan's forest coverage rate is as high as 66%, but because the mining cost is too high, the wood mainly depends on imports. Due to the lack of timely development, there has been a large-scale forest waste in Japan, which not only causes waste of resources, but also seriously affects the growth and quality of forest trees. Moreover, the reduction in the demand for national timber by the nationals has caused the operation of Japanese forestry enterprises to be almost completely in trouble. "The demand for the use of wood is not to destroy the forest, but to promote the development of forestry." Zhu Guangqian has always held the view that "do not use wood to protect the forest." He believes that as long as the forestry policy and management are proper, by using more wood, it will not only destroy forest resources, but also promote the development of afforestation due to market demand. Taking Jiangsu, China as an example, due to the development of plywood, wood-based panels and other industries to increase the demand for forests, Jiangsu's forest coverage increased from 2% in the 1980s to 14% today. In the case of Russia, a large exporter of logs, Russia is rich in forest resources, accounting for 22% of the world's forests. Although Russia has repeatedly stated that it wants to control the export of logs, it has raised export tariffs. But in fact, Zhu Guangqian believes that Russia's current harvesting volume is less than one-third of the growth amount. So many logs can't be digested in China anyway, and if they are not harvested, the accumulation of a large number of over-ripe forests will damage the forest. Ecologically stable.
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